Cambodia Country Report: Customary Tenure in relation to Free, Prior and Informed Consent and Existing Safeguards for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities
October 3, 2023

In recent years, the Cambodian government has taken strides by introducing a suite of new legislation and regulations designed to acknowledge and safeguard the land, natural resources, and rights of Indigenous Peoples, including customary tenure.  The available customary tenure options for Indigenous Peoples in Cambodia confer a degree of security regarding land and resources. This encompasses collective land titles, community forestry, community fisheries, and community-protected areas.  However, consent in any form is still rarely seen in practice, especially on sensitive policies, programs, and mechanisms. There is no standard free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) process, making existing tenure arrangements susceptible to threats such as land grabs and other encroachments. 

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